It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than have any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration. Although Belarus agreed to a framework to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place and current negotiations on further integration have been contentious. Since his election in July 1994 as the country’s first and only directly elected president, Alyaksandr LUKASHENKA has steadily consolidated his power through authoritarian means and a centralized economic system. Government restrictions on political and civil freedoms, freedom of speech and the press, peaceful assembly, and religion have remained in place. Restrictions on political freedoms have grown increasingly strained following the disputed presidential election in August 2020.
During and after the presidential campaign of 2020 and throughout 2021, arbitrary arrests, police brutality and torture, and the denial of due process rights continued with impunity. Many lawyers defending political prisoners were disbarred or arrested. Protests require permission from local authorities, who often arbitrarily deny it. The May 2021 amendment to the law on mass events imposes strict authorization requirements and impedes organizers’ ability to raise funds for protests.
- This will help to you to determine whether or not you are compatible.
- “Gender equality is critical in all States parties to the Convention.
- One of the most prominent women’s organization to emerge was the Women’s Independent Democratic Movement.
If we compare the share of women in each of the specialties, then QA (the share of women is 38.1%) and business analysts (37.8%) are leading. Only one in ten developers (i.e. the programmers) is a representative of a fair sex. There is one point about this list that is often not taken into account in the discussion. Through a list of arduous work, the society protects both women themselves and employers, to whom in the future women could make claims regarding work-related injuries and diseases .
However, the https://www.moisttech.uk/10-incredible-italian-women-who-made-history/ COVID-19 pandemic further revealed the government’s inability to provide transparent information to the public. President Lukashenka frequently provided conflicting and misleading information and guidance about the dangers of the coronavirus, ways to reduce its spread, and the importance of mass vaccination. Evidence from the United Nations suggested that the government’s reported COVID-19 case numbers and mortality rate were vastly inaccurate. The legal framework for elections fails to meet democratic standards, and authorities have dismissed OSCE recommendations to improve it. Electoral commission members of all levels are politically aligned with and dependent on the government, and independent observers have no access to check here https://thegirlcanwrite.net/belarus-women/ ballot-counting processes.
Mother’s mean age at first birth
Before https://www.themayagency.com/2023/01/26/amourfeel-review-in-2023-is-amour-feel-safe-legit-real/ 1861, when peasants were freed, only small parcels of land were in the hands of Belarusian farmers. Peasants had to work three days a week or one hundred fifty six days a year for the noblemen. In the beginning of the twentieth century small stretches of land were owned by the state , some land was communal , and the majority was in private hands . By 1917 the state, church, and gentry owned 9.3 percent while the individual farmers held 90.7 percent of all arable land.
Protecting Rights, Saving Lives
Its essence is that in the overwhelming majority of the countries of the world , if a person has a sufficiently high qualification and a permanent job, then his/her level and quality of life far exceed the minimum subsistence level identified in the country. However, this pattern is not applicable to Belarus – what, in fact, possesses to talk about the phenomenon of “working poor”. This situation has a downside – at the end of the contract, the employer does not have to extend it and explain the reasons for not extending the contract to the employee. Moreover, as practice shows, this hits women employees far harder than others. We have seen enough number of such situations – especially among teachers.
5.2.1 Proportion of ever-partnered women and girls subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months. In these last two years, Belarusian women have had no time to dedicate to their children, because they have been busy with survival, revolution, help to the victims, war in Ukraine, and so on. It is worth noting that, in frames of the overall trend to reduce the number of QA professionals (i.e. software testers) per developer team, the number of female developers has exceeded the number of female-testers for the first time in seven years. This is certainly a positive sign on the way to destroying the myth that the place of women in the Belarusian IT is almost exclusively recruiting and testing. https://rocketeers.gg/afbeeldingen-over-thai-women-blader-in-stockfotos-vectoren-en-videos-over-216/ As for the structure of women’s unemployment itself, the highest unemployment rate, first, is among young women who have just graduated and now cannot find a job in their specialty, and secondly, among women from 45 to 55 years old.
Domestic violence is a pervasive problem in Belarus, and police register about 150,000 incidents per year. In 2018, Lukashenka blocked a draft law on the prevention of domestic violence jointly developed by the law enforcement agencies and civil society representatives. He called attitudes against the corporal punishment of children “nonsense from the West” and insisted that “good” punishment of children could be useful to them. Threats of losing custody of children are often used to intimidate and harass political activists. Independent unions were prominent in the prodemocracy movement in the summer of 2020, striking to protest the fraudulent presidential election and police violence toward peaceful demonstrators. The state increasingly targeted and pressured workers to prevent them from going on strike. Union leaders and rank-and-file members were arrested, fined, dismissed from their posts, sent to psychiatric institutions, and forced into exile.